While artificial intelligence is advancing inexorably in almost all areas of life, after the initial great enthusiasm, we can now hear more and more critical voices arguing about whether we really need it to make our lives easy, even if not unbearable. Or could it be?
new to examine the tasty It focused on cities that have been heralded as capitals of the future, but in addition to facilitating AI, ethical issues are now on the table as well, and the situation is far from that. basic.
The development of artificial intelligence also affects the development of cities, and changes in artificial intelligence are affected by our actions. For example, the way we travel, shop, or consume helps create public transportation, vehicle, or habit statistics. A map of city systems is compiled from individual data.
Smart cities collect information from sensor systems and use sensor networks to measure the data. Accordingly, smart buildings can calculate the energy consumption of their residents, but artificial intelligence can also determine how many people use the metro at the same time, or can prepare statistics about this for a certain period.
Who will commit the crime?
One of the most frequently asked questions is predictive policing, which can be used to identify expected crimes before they happen. We were reminded of Philip K. Dick (1956!) oppositionHuh? It's not a coincidence, though we know nothing of prior predictions, but the crime-stopping company Precrime in the book and movie is consistent in principle with today's artificial intelligence, self-driving cars and automatic apartments already exist, which was still solidly science fiction when it was born. book, but when the movie came out it was getting close.
Because it depends on artificial intelligence American Palantir The crime prevention system has already been deployed in several American cities to predict where crimes will occur and who will be involved in them. But on what basis does an impersonal, immoral system determine what or who is good and what is evil? It is discriminatory, racist and often ineffective in enforcing the law. In December 2021, Gizmodo and The Markup published a report stating that predictive analytics software PredPol showed racial bias, targeting neighborhoods populated mostly by Latinos and people of color, while incorrectly predicting crime in white middle- and upper-class areas.
In October 2023, an investigation by The Markup revealed that crime predictions generated by the PredPol algorithm were as low as half a percent. Not very effective!
AI will be an unethical mayor
It is true that artificial intelligence can prepare reports and reports on anything, but it cannot interpret them, and uniqueness, originality and subjectivity disappear in its context. It is an amoral intelligence, indifferent (for the moment) to questions of right and wrong.
However, when it comes to city management, this should also be important. The system can relieve city managers of certain decisions and save their time through quick data analyses, but if this involves social injustice, it is not worth a penny. However, according to new research, AI decisions put ethnic minorities at a disadvantage in housing and real estate. In addition, they are energy intensive.
Like the entire technology sector, it also involves serious CO2 emissions!
But Saudi Arabia's NEOM plans are undoubtedly beautiful a company Envisioning the design of fully self-sufficient cities, one of his projects is The Line city, which is managed by several artificial intelligence systems. Self-driving vehicles that transport humans, robots that cook and serve food, and algorithms that predict our behavior will wait for us on the shores of the Red Sea in an environment free of roads, cars, and harmful emissions. It will run on 100 percent renewable energy in a 170-kilometre-long area, which will be home to nine million people.
There we will be able to see whether our independence will decrease as AI becomes more autonomous, because an AI-controlled city will call into question the autonomy and well-being of humans by having them decide our fate “personally.” Whether we can get a home loan, or get insurance, or whether we can mingle with criminals, will be determined by the artificial mayor.
(Cover photo: Richard Humphreys/Bloomberg/Getty Images)