Borisov's comet isn't special just because it came from another solar system

Borisov’s comet isn’t special just because it came from another solar system

According to studies, many comets that were kneaded from different parts had not been in contact with a star before, so their ray, which shines near the sun, has unique properties – it reported the most recent results obtained while studying the comet. NewScientist Science Journal.

This particular object was first noticed by amateur astronomer Gennady Borisov in August 2019. Borisov’s comet came from another solar system, which is why 2I / Borisov is its scientific name. I refer to the English word interstellar, and the word to Oumuamua After this it was the second object from the second extrasolar system that was discovered.

Like Oumuamua, Borisov’s comet only passed through the solar system, but since its discovery earlier, researchers have had more time to study than Another Mystic Celestial Body.

Borisov, Borisov, Ostokos Borissov’s Comet on Hubble Space Telescope footage. The image on the left is an image of a distant galaxy in the background, and the image on the right was taken while the comet was near the sun (Image: NASA)

Bin Yang and colleagues at the European Southern Observatory in Chile studied the comet based on data collected using the Atacama Large Millimeter / submillimeter Array (ALMA) antenna system and the Very Large Telescope (VLT) range.

The researchers found that Borisov lost about 200 kilograms of dust per second. It was also discovered that it is not evenly distributed, but that it contains much more carbon monoxide than comets known in the solar system.

“A comet can be likened to a snowball, like kneaded from many small snowballs from different places.”

Astronomer Bin Yang sensed Borisov’s strange structure.

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Sections with different carbon monoxide contents may indicate that they formed relatively close to its star and subsequently drifted outward inside its system.

In the United Kingdom, astronomer Stafano Bagnulo also analyzed data from the VLT telescope complex. Based on his multidimensional studies, he concluded that Borissov’s comet is different from all previously known comets, only the ancient Hale-Bob comet looked like it.

Multiple measurements examine the polarization of light. Light is polarized as it passes through different materials, such as comets, and by studying the properties of sunlight altered in this way, researchers can deduce the physical and chemical properties of comets.

Comet Borisov’s orbit and stills from the Hubble Space Telescope:

During the measurements, the light was much more polarized than any of the comets previously studied. From this he concluded that Borisov was never near a star, so he kept the gas and dust that formed from it. This inviolability may also explain the differences between Borisov’s comets and the Solar System. Its resemblance to Comet Hill-Bob may suggest that Borisov’s parent system was similar to the early shape of our solar system. Although it can be said that Hale-Bopp also comes from a different solar system and was only captured by the sun, the researchers say that star systems with a more similar structure may explain the similarities between the two bodies.

Since it is currently not possible to observe comets and asteroids there due to the vast distance of other solar systems, we can only infer the properties of distant celestial bodies with the help of interstellar travelers like Borisov. Although this comet is already very far from being studied, the new telescope will make it easier to find similar celestial objects in the future. If this is the case, these discoveries will also help us better understand the unique properties of the solar system.

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Cover photo illustration.

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