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New York, New York or New York? Let’s explain!

New York, New York or New York?  Let's explain!

The spelling is completely arbitrary. So there is a central body in Hungary, which is the Spell Check Committee of the Institute of Linguistics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, which regulates how to spell correctly by issuing spelling regulations in Hungary. The most recent edition of The Rules of Hungarian Spelling was published in 2015, so it’s called Our Grammar Bible, so I shocked him when I tried to figure out how to correctly spell toponyms with the adjective -i.

Even in elementary school, we learned that toponyms should be written in capital letters, but I don’t remember – although this is definitely only a disadvantage – that the teacher mentioned that the first can be divided into two groups: single and multiple-element nouns. While single-element geographic names are always written (ex: Budapest), multi-element geographic names can be written together (ex: Transdanubia), with a dash (ex: South America), but also separately (ex: eg: Villányi út).

If this is not yet complicated enough, the adjective -i can be associated with a geographic name in several ways, to which a number of rules apply.

If one was One item We add the suffix -i to the geographical name (for example: Europe), and start with the lowercase word (for example: European). We should do the same if it is –i Multi-component It is associated with country names (like Hungarian), country names (like Danube Bend), regional units (like Transcarpathia) or place names in Hungarian (like Békásmegyeri).

a Connected geographical namesHowever, the rule is different: if the prefix (i.e. the first half of the word composition) is an adjective (like Balaton-felvidék), then we must keep the capital letter (Balaton-felvidéki). Hope you’re still with me, because now the rule is really complicated. So, if the opposite is true, the suffix (second half of the word make up) is a proper noun (like Holt-Tisza) and the prefix is ​​a common noun (here: dead), we start each element of the word -i with a lowercase letter (for example: Holt -Tisza). In order not to be that simple, in this case the prefix can be replaced by a proper name, so even in the case of a geographic name consisting of several proper names, we write each member of the suffix -i in lowercase letters (for example: Geor Mosson Sobroni).

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If it is between two geographical names ranging from something to something RelationshipWe want to express t, we say a train between Budapest and Vienna, connect them with a hyphen, and in the case of the suffix, we write both members in lower case (for example: the Budapest trip to Vienna).

Still there, should I say that?

The Country names Each member is written separately, in uppercase – the And the Like the United Kingdom. If we attach the suffix -i to the state name, we usually start with lowercase (UK), but if any element is considered an appropriate noun (for example, Republic of San Marino) we leave the capital letter (Republic of San Marino). The same is true Names of institutionskel: az And the With the exception of all its components, we start with a capital letter (for example: the National Museum), while its form -i begins with a lowercase letter (National Museum) if there are no appropriate names (for example: Madách Theater).

Astrological names When writing capital letters, constellations, planets, moons, etc. The names (for example: Milky Way, Mercury), and their shapes are written in lowercase letters (Milk, Mercury).

In the case of railway stations, stops, airports, movie theaters, hotels, restaurants, espresso, department stores, spas, cemeteries, and residential parks, we write the correct name (such as) the member in uppercase and the common name member in lowercase letters (for example): station Keleti Railway). It is written after them without change (Keleti Railway Station).

Now comes the point!

He has Alien satire We attach the suffix -i to single-element geographic names written according to (ex: Greenwich), and we usually write the resulting word in lowercase, without hyphens (greenwich). If the name of the one-element foreign flag ends with i (ex: Helsinki), at the end of the form -i, of course, we write only one (helsinki / life /), and if it ends with y (ex: Coventry), We associate – me to Coventry. The exceptions to this rule are single-element nicknames whose last sound is denoted by a two-digit letter (e.g. Sidney), In which case the suffix is ​​attached to the word with the hyphen (Sidney). If the last sound of the flag name is muted (for example, Seattle), the letter -i begins with a lowercase letter and connects to the flag name (Seattle).

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If the foreign noun consists of two or more separate elements (for example, New York), the suffix -i is always appended to the end of the word and the initials of the base form are preserved, so that only New York is the correct form.

If you feel you are ready for the spelling test, click on the image below!

Can you write correctly? Test your knowledge with our grammar test!

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