It has been reported that not much progress has been made in a century towards the reunification of the island of Ireland

It has been reported that not much progress has been made in a century towards the reunification of the island of Ireland

The largest anti-British Catholic movement in Northern Ireland, for the first time since the partition of the Irish island a century ago, won the largest number of seats in Stormont, where Protestants, who had always supported British rule in recent decades, were members of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP). Democratic Unionist) the largest faction.

Sinn Féin could form a new group with 27 MEPsthe DUP will be able to enter the re-elected Northern Ireland Parliament with up to 25 MEPs after votes are counted in the few remaining constituencies.

The current historical shift also means that the Belfast government, based on the division of power between religions, may have a Catholic leader for the first time. Michelle O’Neill, chair of Sinn Fein’s Northern Ireland chapter and deputy chair of the party, qualifies for the position.

Sinn Féin has already indicated that a referendum on reunification of the divided island of Ireland in 1921 should be on the agenda after the current election.

The 1998 Good Friday Agreement on the Settlement in Northern Ireland makes this possible if opinion polls show that a majority of the population in Northern Ireland supports the unification of the island of Ireland. In this case A referendum on London may be proceeded at the discretion of the then British Cabinet Secretary for Northern Ireland, but a referendum on unification must also be held in the Republic of Ireland.

Northern Ireland is not part of Britain, which consists of the union of England, Scotland, and Wales, but together they make up the United Kingdom under the rule of the British Crown.

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As a result of the reconciliation process launched by the 1998 agreement, the Democratic Unionist Party – the largest force in the British Protestant movement – and Sinn Fein took part in governing Northern Ireland, forming a unity government entirely unimaginable in previous decades.

However, political tensions between the two parties remain regular, and this has repeatedly led to the breakdown of interfaith governance. Nor is it certain this time that a Sinn Fein-led Northern Ireland government can be formed immediately. The Catholic party cannot govern alone under the terms of the 1998 agreement;

The party that gave Stormont’s second largest faction must delegate to the Deputy Prime Minister, a position previously held by Michel O’Neill on behalf of Sinn Féin, and Sir Geoffrey Donaldson, the second leader of the DUP, had not yet indicated that the party would do so. will you do.

The FDP makes government participation primarily dependent on the fate of the Northern Ireland Protocol to the Conditions for Ending Britain’s Membership in the European Union (Brexit). The purpose of this protocol is to ensure that, despite Brexit, there is no need to re-impose physical controls on the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, the only common land border between the UK and the EU.

Previously guarded by military austerity, as one of the major achievements of the 1998 Settlement Agreement, this border has been out of control for many years, but to remain so, the Northern Ireland Protocol regulates trade between Britain and Northern Ireland • demand examination. This DUP, unlike the pro-EU Sinn Fein party, is a radically EU skeptical movement, which finds it unacceptable and demands its abolition, on the grounds that this system calls into question Northern Ireland’s constitutional position within the United Kingdom.

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In the UK’s referendum on EU membership in 2016, a narrow national average of 51.89 percent voted to leave, but in Northern Ireland nearly 56 percent of voters voted to stay.

Cover image source: Getty Images

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