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This is what the 2023 weather brought in the first half of the year: more rain and frost damage

This is what the 2023 weather brought in the first half of the year: more rain and frost damage

In the first half of the year, it rained 20 percent more than usual

The National Weather Service wrote on its Facebook page that in the first half of this year, on the national average, it rained 20 percent more than usual, nearly twice as much as it did in the first six months of last year’s dry year. .

They added: In addition to the mountainous regions, the six-month average rainfall exceeded 400 mm in a wide area in southern Transdanubia, and this year’s total precipitation reached 700 mm in the wettest region of Kekesteti. The driest part of the country is the southern great plain, which has received between 200 and 250 mm of precipitation so far.

It was noted that in the first half of last year, not even 100 mm fell in many places in Tizantul, and the amount of rain that fell in the first half of the year was only 250 mm in a few places.

The Meteorological Service also wrote in its publication that the national average temperature in June was 19.8 degrees Celsius, the same as the average for the years 1991-2020. The average monthly temperature in the central and southern parts of the country was usually just above 20 degrees, and it was lower than that in other places.

Based on the data received so far, the average precipitation at the national level in the month of June was 76.7 mm, which can also be considered average, since the average between 1991-2020 was 71.8 mm. The precipitation came mostly from rain and thunderstorms, but there had been heavy rains for several days, so there were big differences within the country, even within a small area. For example, they reported that in Törökszentmiklós, the average precipitation in June was 197 mm, while in Kitbo, located about ten kilometers to the south, only 34 mm fell during the month.

The wettest region in June, as in May, they wrote, was Matra, where monthly precipitation was measured at more than 200 mm, while in the drier Great Southern Plain the amount of precipitation in June remained less than 40 mm in many places.

Agricultural meteorology: Frost threatens orchards this year as well

The spring of this year was marked by capricious and capricious spring weather: unlike in previous years, there was no shortage of rain, but a cold dawn threatened the orchards until the end of April this year as well. The average temperature was close to the long-term average, but the average also covered large swings — the National Weather Service wrote in its agrometeorological analysis for this spring.

They wrote: The plants in the fields usually overwinter well, and have begun to develop relatively quickly this year, just as the early buds of fruit trees already appear in February, but the very early development of the plants has been constrained by the cold air and the arrival of the masses in more waves in the first half of March.

He walks In the last week of the year, the cold arctic air brought about a frigid morning, during which the already inflorescent stone fruit, especially apricots, suffered frost damage without protection. Overall, March was 1-2 degrees warmer than average and wetter in most parts of the country.

the April It also started with very volatile weather: first, a warm air mass with the southerly flow reached a maximum above 20 degrees Celsius, then again a very cold air mass of polar origin engulfed the Carpathian Basin, so frosts of around -5 degrees Celsius caused the More damage. As for the orchards, in Nyersig it also forms a snow cover of several centimeters. The temperature rose only slowly in the first half of the month, and only from mid-April did it permanently reach the 10 degrees required for the cultivation of corn.

The weather was also characterized by change in the rest of the months of the month, as periods of drought and rain alternated, and temperatures also varied within very wide limits, as the daily temperature fluctuation reached 15-20 degrees. In addition, weak frosts occurred even at the end of the month, when most of the fruits had already outgrown flowering and the cold threatened the beginning of the harvest.

According to the analysis, not only did the orchards suffer from frost at the end of March and April this year, but the often rainy weather was also not conducive to pollination, and without plant protection, there were almost no fruits left on the trees due to serious damage. Fungal diseases.

At the end of April, the soil usually had enough moisture to germinate corn and sunflowers, but at the beginning of May, in addition to the warming temperatures, the top layer of soil dried out quickly on the Great Plains. . May’s golden rains are brought down by a series of Mediterranean hurricanes in the second decade of the month. As written, the heavy rains came just in time for the formation of the canola plant and the flowering of the fall corn ears. The rains were also necessary for the early growth of summer plants, corn and sunflowers developed well, but the conditions were also favorable for weeds.

maybe In the third third of the year, heat arrived, and vegetation developed under ideal conditions during early summer. By the end of spring, the middle and deeper soil layers usually had a good water supply, and the roughly saturated condition of a half to one meter layer promised a good moisture reserve for summer plants during a possible summer drought.

This year was the hottest June in the UK since regular measurements began

And the BBC news portal wrote that this year was the hottest June in the UK since the start of regular measurements, referring to the British Met Office (Met Office) announcement on Monday.

The average temperature in June this year was 15.8 degrees Celsius, which is 0.9 degrees higher than the previous records set in June in 1940 and 1976. Of the 97 regions from which temperature data was collected, records were broken in 72 regions.

Not only in the United Kingdom as a whole, but also in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, this year was the hottest June since regular measurements began in 1884.

Mark McCarthy, head of climate research at the service, said: “This year is officially the hottest June in the UK in terms of average temperatures and average minimum and maximum temperatures.”

He added that although the highest temperature ever recorded in the country last year was 40.3 degrees, the heat last June was continuous day and night.

There was very little rain all month, and only 68 percent of the average amount of precipitation in June was measured in the country. June was particularly dry in Wales, with only half the average amount of rain falling.

The Met Office has used supercomputer analysis of temperature data to determine the effects of climate change on weather.

We found that since the 1940s, the chance of June breaking the record temperatures of 1940 and 1976 has at least doubled. In addition to natural fluctuations, warming of the Earth’s atmosphere caused by climate change due to human activity has increased temperatures. “The high temperatures are record,” Paul Davies, chief meteorologist at the Met Office, told the BBC.

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