Astronomers have a plan to use ripples in space-time to search for elusive black holes around the center of the Milky Way.
In the universe, it is not the big or small black holes that are the most difficult to find, but the black holes of medium size. A team of astronomers has proposed a new way to find them using ripples in space-time.
the live science According to his account, there are two known general types of these objects. There are stellar cluster formations that range in mass from a few times the mass of the Sun to a few tens of times. Then there are the supermassive black holes, whose mass and size are almost unfathomable, and are up to 50 billion times more massive than the Sun.
This may be the solution
According to astronomers’ theory, so-called intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs), which have a mass of “only a few thousandths of the sun’s mass,” may lie between these two extremes. However, there is a catch. Despite searching for it for decades, we haven’t found one yet. So, in their published paper, a team of astronomers proposed a new method for hunting IMBHs. The method uses subtle ripples in space-time caused by the movement of black holes through the center of the Milky Way.
Astronomers want to find the first IMBH because it will help them piece together the formation history of objects. According to our current knowledge, giant black holes are not born in this way. Instead, they started out as simple little black holes and then over hundreds of millions of years swallowed up whatever matter got too close to them. Then they found each other and merged, soon swelling to their current size. This rapid growth suggests that there may be only a few IMBHs left, as this size is only a transitional stage on the path of black holes to become supermassive.
However, other models of black hole formation suggest that black hole formation may indeed be common, but difficult to detect. For example, the narrow conditions of a galactic nucleus may be suitable for the creation of thousands of medium-sized objects. However, these UFOs may still be hidden as the massive monster at the center of the galaxy dominates our field of view.
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