Because the moon's surface is so cold, it is constantly contracting, causing tremors and ground movements in the southern hemisphere, where NASA's Artemis III astronauts are scheduled to land in the future, but these tremors may make it difficult for NASA.
A research team made up of geologists and planetary scientists examined lunar quakes at the south pole of the Moon, where 13 potential landing sites for the Artemis 3 mission were also found. During the modeling process, the possibility of shallow lunar quakes causing strong earthquakes in the south polar region was revealed, Which could pose a danger to the astronauts and the mission.
NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Camera (LRO). Thousands of young people have discovered cracks in the lunar crust, where forces inside the moon have contracted or expanded. Contractional forces also result from the cooling of the Moon's interior, in addition to tidal forces exerted by the Earth. In addition, the team found that the steepest slopes of the Moon's Shackleton Crater – one of the potential landing sites – are vulnerable to landslides, and it only takes a small tremor to trigger such an event.
These seismic activities could pose a risk to long-term efforts to establish a sustainable and permanent human presence on the Moon.