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The eruption of the Tongan volcano caused lightning that lasted 11 hours | Sciences

The eruption of the Tongan volcano caused lightning that lasted 11 hours |  Sciences

In January last year, a huge underwater volcano erupted near Tonga, which was interesting from several points of view, as it was the largest natural eruption of the century, releasing 20 megatons of energy equivalent to TNT, and now it has also turned . Outside to be a record triggered 11-hour “lightning marathon”.



The underwater volcano Hongga-Tonga-Hongga-Haapai caused a huge and deadly tsunami and released 146 billion kilograms of water into the stratosphere. Now a new one Stady revealed that the eruption produced the highest rate of lightning ever documented, as well as observations of the largest lightning rings.

All this means that a During the 11-hour lightning marathon, more than 192,000 flashes lit up the ash cloud.And at a peak about 2600 blinks per minute. During the research, it was revealed that volcanic plumes can create lightning conditions even outside the range of meteorological thunderstorms previously observed in Earth’s atmosphere. The eruption sent a huge mass of water aloft, which turned to ice when it reached the stratosphere, then created positively and negatively charged crystals. This, along with an abundance of ionized bits of rock and magma, combined to generate enough electrical charge to produce lightning.

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