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Skilled workers are flocking abroad: what else can be done?

Skilled workers are flocking abroad: what else can be done?

The loss of young, skilled workers poses a major challenge to local communities, affecting the potential and success of companies. On a scale of one to ten, the value of Hungary in 2022 was 4. The most popular destinations for people with higher education who have immigrated from our country are Western Europe, the United States, Canada and Australia.

The problem did not start today and is getting worse

Talent migration is not a new problem – we can observe its rapid growth since the 1970s – but it remains one of the most pressing issues in Central and Eastern Europe, as well as in our country, as well as in many Eastern and Southern EU Member States. Countries are considered among the least able to retain their talent.

Human Resources Portal according to Statistics for 2023 revealed that small island countries such as Samoa, Jamaica and Haiti, as well as regions of sub-Saharan Africa, are suffering most from the migration of skilled workers.

According to Eurostat data for 2023, the highest proportion of immigrants in 2022, more than 50 percent, were people with higher education in France (67.8 percent), Ireland (63.9 percent), Finland (62.8 percent), and Germany (58.9 percent). , and Belgium (58.9 percent). 56.8 percent), Denmark (52.3 percent), and Austria (50.9 percent). In contrast, a smaller proportion of immigrants from Romania and Portugal were highly educated, with an average of 15.8% and 16.8%.

The proportion of people with higher education migrating from Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic was different in 2022; In Hungary and Poland, the percentage reached 30 percent, while it was higher in the Czech Republic, where it reached 46.2 percent.

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“The redistribution of human capital in the economic sense, i.e. migration in this case, leads to a negative impact, and the reasons behind this are primarily higher wages, better career opportunities, and a higher standard of living. But we can also mention better working conditions, better balance between work and life, more convenient and faster progression, recognition and professional challenge.In a stagnant economic environment, this type of migration is also accelerating, and already large social inequalities continue to grow, corruption, and lower wages go hand in hand with rising inflation and falling real value of wages, or on For example, poor health and social systems push many to abandon the idea of ​​moving and migrating, said Attila Katkiks, a business consultant and human resources specialist.

This cannot be stopped

The expert added We will not be able to prevent this phenomenon, but reducing the quantity and quality of migration is a priority taskIn parallel, creating a sustainable return policy. An experienced person who has traveled abroad can bring a network of contacts, skills, new insight, knowledge and ideas to Hungary, which the local economy desperately needs. In this way, returning professionals encourage trade and investments, as well as the diffusion of knowledge and technology, and last but not least, they contribute to the budget through their taxes.

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