New NASA rules prohibit fighting and dumping of garbage on the moon, and astronauts entering a companion planet, like the former base of Apollo-11, must avoid historical sites.
On Tuesday, the US space agency revealed new guidelines for the Artemis moon landing program.
The rules are based on the 1967 Outer Space Treaty and other agreements. Eight countries have so far signed the so-called Artemis Charter. The founding members are the United States, Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom. Nevertheless, NATO Director Jim Bridenstein expects more nations to join.
NASA plans to land astronauts on the moon again in 2024.
Bridenstein stressed that the largest alliance in the history of space exploration could be formed, which could also pave the way for future Mars missions. “It’s not only important for our astronauts to get to the moon, but also to take our values with us,” said Mike Gould, head of international and interagency relations at NASA.
The first rule requires that everyone arrive safely.
Encryption is prohibited, all edited objects must be identified and recorded. All members agree to provide assistance in the event of an astronaut emergency. Systems used in space must be universal, all equipment must be compatible, and scientific data must be shared. Historic sites must be protected and any resulting space debris disposed of properly. Lunar orbits mission and other spacecraft must not be endangered by close proximity to it.
Violators of the rules are urged to leave.
So far, the United States has only sent a human to the moon: between 1969 and 1972, 12 American astronauts have orbited the orb. For now, Russia is looking at developments from the outside. Dmitry Rogozin, head of the Russian Space Agency, spoke at an international space conference on Monday that the Artemis program was too focused on America and that he preferred a cooperation model similar to the International Space Station. China, which is also at the forefront of space exploration, is completely excluded from the agreement. NASA cannot, at least for the time being, conclude any bilateral agreement with the Asian country.
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