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Index – Local – But where will 7 billion doses of vaccine come from?

Index – Local – But where will 7 billion doses of vaccine come from?

Already Licensed or Tested III. Gradually introducing vaccine manufacturers have slightly modified their short-term production capabilities, but if all goes according to plan, by the end of 2021, a third of the world’s population could still be vaccinated. Poor countries, or countries that did not reserve vaccines in advance on time, are unlikely to receive the required amount until 2023 or 2024.

Among the manufacturers, this week Pfizer confirmed that it will produce 1.3 billion vaccines this year in expanded capacity. The other two plants – AstraZeneca And Moderna – with a capacity of three billion and a billion vaccines this year, about 5.3 billion vaccines will be available by the end of the year. This means that between 2.6 and 3.1 billion people can be vaccinated, depending on whether AstraZeneca needs to be vaccinated in two equal doses over the long term, or a second dose is sufficient for a second time.

Russians have also started vaccinating people with their own developed vaccine, Sputnik V. The Gamaleja Institute in Moscow announced that they could provide 500 million more services outside Russia this year in addition to their own needs. That is, if we look at vaccines that have already been approved and are still being approved, it appears that a total of about 10 billion doses of the vaccine have been linked previously.

Strange inconsistencies in the requests

The European Union, consisting of 27 and five other rich countries, committed nearly half that amount up front. This, of course, includes an option for additional commands. However, together they account for only 13 percent of the Earth’s population. If we look at the party that requested the largest number of vaccinations per person, we find Canada at the top, with 9 vaccinations per person. China, on the other hand, is slipping at the end of the line and this is mainly due to the country’s population approaching one and a half billion. This again shows that agThose states They have purchased the vaccine excessively smoothly if they can do so upon pre-order.

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That is, the first release of the vaccine will certainly not be distributed evenly in the world. To prevent this, the World Health Organization has already set up an international group tasked with trying to raise vaccines around the world for those who apply for membership, given the need for vaccines, even though the major countries have already taken over an incredible amount. COVAX currently has 189 member states, which means the largest buyers are registered the same way as the smallest island nation of Polynesia. In addition to the World Health Organization, COVAX is an international organization that tries to obtain all kinds of vaccines for poor countries (Gavi) and there are more. An international alliance to support innovation in epidemic prevention It is (CEPI). The latter has already restricted 700 million doses of the vaccine, but I want to reach the two billion doses by the end of the year, of which about 20 percent of the population of the 189 member states that have joined.

But who makes where or with whom?

a Pfizernek, So, which wants to produce 1.3 billion doses of the vaccine this year, it has three plants in the United States, all of which are expanding due to high order numbers. It spreads in Europe with products made in its factory in Belgium. The American company also has a large group of suppliers. Another licensed vaccine manufacturer, Moderna, is a much smaller company and does not have the capacity to service such a colossal scale, so it is no coincidence that it is already negotiating the outsourcing of Indian pharmaceutical production.

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Little is known, but India is the largest vaccine manufacturer in the world, with annual sales of $ 40 billion. More than 60 percent of the world’s vaccine comes from India. In many places, various companies produce vaccines in the vast country, but the largest and also leading vaccine manufacturer in the world is the Serum Institute of India (SII). Quoted in London AstraZeneca, That also produces a vaccine against the Coronavirus, which has been independently developed, is also producing more than 60,000 people around the world. However, due to the incredibly large number of pre-orders, they also took refuge in the Indians.

SII manufactures its vaccines and is tentatively planned to produce 400 million doses of the vaccine by July and a total of 1 billion doses by the end of the year. The Russians also contracted with Indian companies to produce 100 million doses of Sputnik the fifth annually, and India will be the Asian distribution center for the Russian vaccine.

(Cover photo: Coronavirus vaccination in Turkey.Photo: Dogukan Keskinkilic / Anadolu Agency / Getty Images)

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