Index – Abroad – A man of Muslim descent has become Scotland’s new prime minister

Former Scottish Prime Minister, Nicola Sturgeon, quite unexpectedly announced on February 15 that she was leaving the leadership of the SNP, so the Scots first MinisterAlso ex officio. Three candidates stood for the position of leader of the SNP: in addition to Hamza Yusuf, Finance Minister Kate Forbes and Ash Regan, who held the position of Secretary of State for Communities in the Scottish government until his resignation in December.

Why first president and not prime minister?

This is called a prime minister in Scotland, as the UK can only have one prime minister, and that is currently Conservative Rishi Sun. The First Minister of Scotland is elected by the Scottish Parliament and formally appointed by the King. Other ministers in the Scottish government and senior Scottish legal dignitaries are appointed by the First Minister.

Of the 72,169 registered and eligible party members, 50,490 have exercised their right to vote, according to the results of the vote count announced on Monday. Ash Regan was already eliminated in the first round of vote counting, with only 11.1% of SNP members voting for him. In the second round of counting, Hamza Yusuf received 26,032 votes and Kate Forbes received 23,890 votes based on the preferences of first- and second-place voters, so Yusuf became the new leader of the SNP with 52.1 percent of the vote.

However, this fact did not make it necessary for the Scottish Parliament to elect him to the position of first minister,

Opposition party leaders ran for prime minister without exception.

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The deputies voted on the candidates one by one, with each candidate receiving all the votes of his party’s faction. Thus, Douglas Ross, leader of the Scottish Conservative Party, collected 31 votes, Anas Sarwar, leader of the Scottish Labor Party, 22, and Alex Cole Hamilton, leader of the Scottish branch of the Liberal Democrats, collected four votes.

At the same time, Hamza Yusuf received the votes of 64 deputies from the Scottish National Parliament, and seven deputies from the Scottish Green Party, which is allied with the Scottish National Party, also supported her in the vote on Tuesday afternoon. Thus, Yusuf won by 71 votes in the 129-member Edinburgh Legislative Council in Tuesday’s premiership election.

In the person of Yusuf, a Muslim leader became for the first time the head of a nationally important British political party, W.H

He also became the first Muslim minister in Scotland.

The 38-year-old new first minister was born in Glasgow, Scotland’s largest city, and has represented one of the city’s constituencies in the Edinburgh Parliament since 2011 as a member of the SNP faction. Yusuf’s father’s family moved to Scotland from Pakistan in the 1960s, and his mother’s family, also of Pakistani descent, moved to Scotland from Kenya.

It will bring Scotland back into the European Union

In his first speech after Tuesday’s parliamentary vote, Hamza Yusuf expressed his belief in Scotland’s independence. He said the Scottish government would be less effective in achieving its core goals, including independence, if it allowed the UK government to “arbitrarily veto” decisions of the Edinburgh legislature.

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Already the day before, after announcing the results of the SNP leadership contest, Joseph had confirmed that Scottish independence remained the party’s goal. He did not set a target date for this to happen, but said “we will be the generation that gets Scotland independent”.

Youssef also stressed that Scotland wants to return to the European Union as an independent country.

His predecessor Nicola Sturgeon has set October 19, 2023 as the date for the next Scottish independence referendum. However, last November, the British High Court issued an order according to which the Scottish Parliament could not make a law on its own, without the consent of the British government, on calling a new Scottish independence referendum, because this would affect the powers established by the 1999 Act, which created a broad right to self-determination in Scotland. The Act dated leaving the British Parliament and the British Government under their responsibility.

It should be remembered that in September 2014 there was already a referendum on independence for Scotland, but then the opponents of secession won a majority of 55 percent, and the British conservative government firmly refuses to authorize another Scottish independence referendum. However, since the referendum on Britain’s membership of the European Union held in 2016, re-calling a referendum in Scotland has remained on the agenda again, after a narrow majority of 51.89 per cent of respondents on the national average voted to leave, while a majority voted to leave. 62 percent of the participants. The Scots voted to remain.

Since then, Nicola Sturgeon has regularly stated that a new independence referendum had become necessary, as Scotland had been “taken” out of the European Union despite its clearly stated intention to remain.

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(Cover photo by Hamza Yusuf on March 28, 2023. Photo by Jeff G. Mitchell/Getty Images)