Laszlo arato (Orologos)

Based on numerous surveys around the world, it can be said that after the initial enthusiasm, the intention to vaccinate Coronavirus vaccines fell sharply last year. By the spring of this year, with the increased availability of vaccines, people were once again in the mood to catch the antibody. However, Europeans’ willingness to be vaccinated is still below the level they would have seen with other vaccines.

First, in late July and early August of last year, on behalf of the World Economic Forum, Ipsos asked nearly twenty thousand people from 27 countries whether they were willing to give themselves a coronavirus vaccine, and if not, why. Hungary was included in this circle – along with other countries – Hungary, among others, Hungary was excluded from subsequent surveys, and the survey included a total of 15 countries worldwide. The countries measured only once are Belgium, the Netherlands, Sweden, Hungary, Poland and Russia.

In our comparison, as well as all European countries, we take into account one country from each continent. Thus, the following countries are compared: the United Kingdom, the United States, Spain, Germany, Italy, France, Australia, China, South Africa, and CSO. Polls Of course, we also provide Hungarian data.

A suspicious Polish-Hungarian-Russian triad

So first Investigation According to the average of 27 countries, 74 percent said they agreed (strongly or somewhat) to self-administer the vaccine if it became available. If we take from these countries that are not included in the subsequent measurements, the average rises to 77 percent, and we also include that number in our graph. This is because, for the most part, countries that lowered the average altogether will lose out later.

In Hungary and Poland 56-56% of people and in Russia 54% showed an interest in vaccination. At the same time, Hungary was only 19 percent who stated strongly that they wanted to be vaccinated. In this round, the percentage of Hungarians who decided to reject the vaccine was 28 percent, which is by far the highest, 4 percent ahead of the second Russian and eight percent over the third French.

Globally, more than half of vaccine respondents (56 percent) were concerned about side effects and 29 percent because they were afraid the vaccine would not be effective. In the case of Hungary, 59 percent and 35 percent of those who refused vaccination cited these two reasons.

Lack of interest and immunization

After the temporary summer breaks and before the second wave, people jumped in and October Report This is also well reflected in their commitment to vaccination. Almost all states have lower rates of vaccination, worldwide (based on 77 percent in August in the 15 states), with only 74 percent of people describing themselves as vaccinated in October. However, only 22 percent of these would have been vaccinated “immediately”, and the rest after weeks or months. The decline in China was staggering, while the Europeans were among the more cautious. Most people were still concerned about the side effects, but only 34 percent of all over the world belong here. However, there was a significant increase in the percentage (33 percent) of those who said clinical trials were taking place too quickly, and only 10 percent were concerned about the effectiveness of vaccination, as well as anti-vaccination.

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Interestingly, although the effects of the second wave could be seen around the world, by December there had been no significant improvement in the feeling of vaccination. Published December 29 The survey He returned to Russia, where only 14 percent of the population said they would inject the vaccine, however, that was still more than 12 percent for the French. If we add to this the camp of those who are likely to be vaccinated, we can see 43 and 40 percent, the latter being exactly half of the highest Chinese figure (80 percent).

Yes, I became a Hungarian than maybe

We have Hungary data for December again. The Central Bureau of Statistics has been operating every week since then The survey Connect propensity to graft. According to the first data, less than 15 percent of the Hungarian population were sure to vaccinate themselves, and 28 percent said “maybe.” Since the World Economic Forum survey combined these two responses, noting the values ​​separately, we treated them this way. Based on this, we can say that almost 43 percent of Hungarians supported the idea of ​​vaccination at the end of last year. Rejection was relatively high, at over 35 percent.

Vaccination campaigns have been launched in most parts of the world since the start of 2021, but often this has not reached mass proportions. On the other hand, Europeans’ desire to vaccinate has increased dramatically, as evidenced by March Data series. Growth is around twenty percent in France, Spain and Italy – while the number has fallen further in Russia.

To put these numbers in the picture, Oxford University Aggregation According to the survey, around 2% of those in the UK who received at least their first vaccine are.It was 9 percent, 14 percent in the United Kingdom, 3-5 percent in France, Germany, Italy, Russia and Spain and less than 1 percent in Australia and South Africa. Let’s mention another number: 39 percent of Russians were completely against vaccination even in March.

Hungarian data measured by KHS, in some cases, crossed the international trend. By April, 59.1 percent of Hungarians said they were planning to vaccinate or had already received their first and / or second dose. The percentage of respondents with the word “may” has decreased to 17.1 percent, so the two camps together already account for 77 percent. The rate of those who continue to refuse vaccination has halved.

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In peacetime, we prefer vaccinations

Even our worst dreams did not include the coronavirus epidemic, when the European Commission made a very important contribution in this regard. The survey Published in 2018. Specifically, how Europeans view vaccinations, how much they support them, how confident they are, and why someone refuses them.

The question, of course, is not whether there is a new pandemic, that people will inject themselves as soon as vaccination becomes available. But among other things, the researchers were curious about whether Europeans considered it important to give vaccinations to children and whether they considered vaccinations that would take their children to the doctor in a safe way.

We’ve gathered the countries that are also included in the World Economic Forum survey, so we can compare public opinion by country – and we also present Hungarian data. In general, the tendency to vaccinate in “peacetime” is much higher than during the coronavirus epidemic that causes emergencies. Either way, France is off the line, with vaccines appearing to be received with greater skepticism than anywhere else. However, general anti-vaccinations are minimal in Hungary, and only in Spain and Portugal is there greater support for vaccination in the European Union as a whole.

Finally, the study authors state that confidence in vaccines should be interpreted as confidence in the efficacy and safety of vaccines and the health system that “delivers” them. It is formulated as follows:

Vaccine confidence refers to the belief that vaccination serves the best health interests of the population.

The article was written by Eurologist and European Network of Data Journalists As a result of collaboration between CC BY-SA 4.0 license to me.

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