The United Nations can put an end to the foolish hunting, uncontrollable deep digging, and shipping that endangers the living world.

“Ladies and gentlemen, the ship has gone down!” – Delegates greeted CEO Rena Lee’s announcement at the UN conference with a standing ovation, and after a marathon forty-hour meeting, succeeded in adopting the first international agreement aimed at protecting wildlife on the open seas in New York. With this, the member states of the world organization put an end to a 15-year conflict, and it was not for nothing that Rina Lee called the agreement historic – the CEO of Singapore was so touched that she cried at the podium.

It will be the first global Convention on Biological Diversity to place at least 30 percent of the world’s oceans under international protection by 2030. In practical terms, this means that fishing, shipping, deep-sea mining and other similar economic projects and expeditions will be subject to international oversight, and their impacts will be subdued. Environmental principle strictly controlled, in order to protect the biodiversity of the open seas.

Two-thirds of the world’s oceans are open seas and thus – until now – have been largely considered an area outside legal regulation. The United Nations Convention on the Protection of the Oceans was signed in 1982, which set the boundaries of the high seas — where all member states have the right to fish, sail, and conduct research — but international protection covers only 1.2 percent of the high seas, he recalls. in his article BBC.

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The current agreement on protecting the high seas has been in negotiation for 15 years now, but the agreement has been hampered mainly by disputes over fishing, shipping and mining rights. (For example, only richer countries have the capacity to produce medicines and food extracted from plant and animal remains and sediments, while poorer countries also claim the “fruits” of deep-sea research.)

In areas protected under the current agreement, where and how much fish can be caught will be determined, and shipping routes and deep-sea mining will be regulated.

At the same time, the United Nations Historic Convention will only be truly historic if the Member States also ratify it, and in addition, several international bodies must also be established to enforce the Convention.

Shortly before Saturday’s agreement in New York, participants at the International Conference on Oceans in Panama – including the United States and the European Union – agreed to support the protection of the seas with nearly twenty billion dollars. Of this, the US government has provided about six billion dollars for 77 projects.


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