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After many years, it has finally become clear why our urine turns yellow | Sciences

After many years, it has finally become clear why our urine turns yellow |  Sciences

It is almost unbelievable, but medical science did not know why human urine turns yellow until 2024, although its exact causes were determined – it is urobilin – but there was no knowledge of how it is manufactured – but it was published in the journal Nature Microbiology Stady Highlight this.




Scientists previously thought that several enzymes were needed to form urobilin, but now it has been found that there is only one enzyme, called urobilin. To an enzyme called bilirubin reductase, which causes yellow color in urine. This enzyme is created by intestinal bacteria, which in the process convert bilirubin into a colorless byproduct, urobilinogen, which begins to hydrolyze and turns into yellow urobilin during this process.

According to scientists, this discovery could greatly help in areas such as studying gut bacteria, and treating inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) or jaundice. Research has already begun in the field of the latter disease, and we hope that in the future we will be able to learn more about jaundice and the basics of the functioning of the gut-liver axis.


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